Sun spurge

Common Name:

spurge, sun

Scientific Name:

Euphorbia helioscopia






Annual broadleaf weed. Leaves alternate, spatulate. Stem red in color, often with sparse hairs producing a milky sap when cut. Plant will have several stems emerging from a central point in a spreading/lateral habit until flowering. At flowering, plant bolts producing flowers at the apex of the plant. Inflorescence produced at the plant apex. A broad leafy inflorescence, yellow in color. Individuals flowers are actually small and contained within the leafy inflorescence.


Annual weed flowering in spring. Present along roadsides, pastures, and infrequently mowed turf — more often present on piedmont or finer textured soils, rather than in coastal plain regions. Often inconspicuous and unseen until flowering begins in the spring.